Wild wild boars
Since prehistoric times meat of these swift-footed and furious animals was considered as a delicacy. On them and today hunt in many regions of Europe and Asia.
Wild wild boars concern family of pigs (Suidae). Unlike other hoofed animals of mammals, representatives of this family are omnivorous, i.e. Eat both meat, and vegetative food. The diet of wild wild boars is rather various: among other into it enter small pozvonochnye and the snakes which poison, seemingly, on wild boars does not operate.
At the European wild wild boars (Sus scrofa) much in common with their descendants, house pigs (Sus domestiea). At they be strong cutters and molars, a delicate ear and a fine sense of smell thanks to which they find underground different vkusnosti - roots, fruits and mushrooms. In the south of France and in Italy pigs train to search underground delikatesnye for mushrooms with a strong smell - black truffles.
At wild wild boars also a lot of similar with their African relative, borodavochnikom. At those and others - long, unusually sharp canines which they constantly sharpen about a bark of trees and about stones, and the strong extended snout.
In Europe and Asia lives in total five kinds of wild wild boars, in Africa - four more. All European kinds, as well as their African relatives, including a wood and river pig, have a dense constitution and. Despite of short feet, move with enviable quickness. Only borodavochnik lives on the open district, all other representatives of family - in wood.
Wild wild boars conduct a lonely way of life, but sometimes gather in small herds, especially during the marriage period and during posterity cultivation. Unlike the majority of hoofed animals of mammals at which, as a rule, is born one or two cubs, the female of a wild wild boar after 1b-nedelyjuj pregnancy can bring into the world to 12 pigs.
The Body of a wild wild boar is protected by a rigid bristle. In the afternoon he has a rest in secluded shady places, and in twilight and leaves on hunting at night. Sharp canines it dig up the earth to find edible roots and larvae. And still it uses canines for protection - and attacks.
On wild wild boars since ancient times hunted both for the sake of meat, and for entertainment. To us it is cunningly a lot of images of fight of hunting dogs and a wild boar who, by the way, is always protected to the last. "¤юыюцш=і" a wild boar - dream of any hunter. In England XVI centuries loved hunting for a wild boar king Henry VIII and his daughter Elizabeth I. Having disdained danger, they rushed top on woods and fields, pursuing extraction. Both monarchs considered the invitation to hunting by the higher sign on respect and awarded with it the only especially important visitors. The dishes prepared from meat of the killed animal, became an ornament of the celebratory feast lasting at times of some days.
Though the duty of royal huntsmen, except protection of game from poachers, included care of maintenance of populations, to the beginning of a XVII-th century the avidity of hunters has put wild boars on an extinction side.
In France, Germany, Austria, and Russia the wild boar is considered till now Spain the most dangerous hunting animal. In Asia on wild wild boars hunt from a horse and with a spear. Though it and less European, the Asian wild boar also is known for the furious right. Cases when wild boars killed even tigers are known.
Archeologists often find remains of wild wild boars. It is possible to assume that on it hunted already during an epoch plejstotsena (one million years ago). In the mid-sixties of the XX-th century in France, near to Nitstsy, archeologists have found settlement of times of a paleolith where, among other, have found out the hardened remains of a wild wild boar. First the print of a foot and the hardened excrement were unique traces of the person there, but after careful research of territory by the area in 221 sq. m there were existence proofs on this place of primitive settlement, dated 250 000-300 000 years ago.
Possibly, hunters lived here in the late spring and in the beginning of summer when many animals have a posterity and there is no lack of food. The Neanderthal men living 70 000-35 000 years ago, too were hunters, but lived in caves. In one of the burial places which have been found out in territory modern France and Italy, archeologists have found a skeleton in which brush the jaw of a wild wild boar has been clamped. Images of this animal meet also in surprising petroglyphic painting of primitive people.
the Refined dish
Kabane meat remains the big delicacy and during a neolith epoch (7000-8000 BC) when the person began to conduct a settled way of life to grow up cereals and to tame wild animals to which number the wild boar has got also. In a XVIII-th century the European wild boar has been delivered to America where was to the taste to indigenous population. Wild boars have cultivated, but in many states they and are found today in woods and zakaznikah.
In New Zealand local residents, Maori, sold wild pigs to the European seafarers. Here again the wild wild boar can be met till now in reserves, and kabane meat, as well as in Europe, traditionally it is considered a delicacy.